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Huerfano County


The Crossroads of Southern Colorado
Crossroads of the Real Wild West

Facts & Information

The Cities and communities of Huerfano County, Colorado*

Red Wing
Walsenburg, county seat

*This list of cities may not be complete. The list may contain towns, cities, villages, boroughs, townships, ghost towns and other populated places.

If you have information about any of these unlinked communities, please send it to us and we will add a page for that community. Some of these places above may only be neighborhoods or local area names and are not listed with the census at all or just included in a larger surrounding designated census area..

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Information & Facts about Huerfano County, Colorado


Huerfano County Courthouse
401 Main St.
Walsenburg, CO 81089-2045
Phone: 719-738-2370
Fax: 719-738-3996


1990 - 6,009
1998 - 7,845
2000 - 7,862


Huerfano County lies along the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains of southeastern Colorado.

The county is bounded on the north by Custer County and Pueblo County. On the east and south is Las Animas County. Costilla County is on the west and south with Alamosa County and Saguach County on the west.

50 miles north of the New Mexico state line on Interstate 25, and 48 miles south of Pueblo


Average temperature
January: 33.6
July: 83
Annual precipitation: 12-16 inches
Snowfall: up to 56-74 inches depending on the area
Sunshine: over 300 days each year

Other Facts & Figures:

square miles: 1,592


Incorporated: 1874

Huerfano County (pronounced WAR-FA-NO) was one of the original 17 counties in Colorado. Huerfano was formed in 1861 and when it was formed, it included all of present day Huerfano County, Las Animas, Baca, Bent, Otero, Prowers, Crowley, the west half of Kiowa, and the southern part of Pueblo counties. After its formation in 1861, Pueblo County broke off in 1865. Then a year later, in 1866, Las Animas was taken from the total area.

The name, Huerfano, means orphan and may be related to the single volcanic mount on the bank of the Huerfano River on I-25. This volcano never erupted or came close to it, but it is a sign of the great volcanic activity that shaped the landscape in the county.

The early history of the county had much to do with coal and its production. Over 500 million tons were mined out of this area. During the heyday of the later 1800s and early 1900s, the county population was as high as 20,000, but with the shutting down of the mines, the population dropped dramatically.


Average elevation: 6,600 feet above sea level

The eastern portion of the county is in the plains area while the western portion lie in the beautiful mountain country.

The Spanish Peaks

One of the features of the Spanish Peaks are the dikes that radiate out. These were formed when molton magma moved up through vertical cracks. They hardened and were eventually exposed due to erosion.

The Dikes of the Spanish Peaks


Genealogy links for the county

Huerfano County US GenWeb Project page


La Veta Public Library
310 South Main
La Veta, CO. 81055
Phone: (719) 742-3572

Spanish Peaks Library District
323 Main Street
Walsenburg, CO. 81089-2045
Phone: (719) 738-2774


Huerfano School District - RE 1
611 West 7th Street
Walsenburg, CO 81089
Phone: (719) 738-1520
Fax: (719) 738-3148


Southern Colorado Economic Development District (SCEDD)
Huerfano County
1104 N. Main St.
Pueblo, CO 81003
Phone: (719) 545-8680
Fax: (719) 545-9908

Demographics page for the county

Organizations & Groups:

La Veta Cuchara Chamber of Commerce
P.O. Box 32
117 West Grand
La Veta, CO 81055
Phone: 719-742-3676
Toll-free: 866-615-3676

Huerfano County Chamber of Commerce
500 Main Street
Walsenburg, CO. 81089
Phone: (719) 738-1065

Huerfano County Historical Society
PO Box 905
LaVeta, CO 81055

Attractions & Other Information:

Scenic Highway of Legends
This route, Highway 12, was designated as one of Colorado's scenic and historical byways in 1987. It was named a National Forest Byway in 1988. The 80 mile route passes through wonderfully beautiful scenery on its course. It can be driven in about two hours. It winds through Walsenburg, La Veta, Cuchara, Monument Lake, Stonewall, Vigil, Weston, Segundo, Cokesdale and Trinidad crossing the Cuchara Pass at 9,994 feet above sea level part way along the byway. A welcome center is located in Trinidad with more information about the route.

The Black Diamond Jubilee Festival
remembering the days when Coal was king in the county.
Held in June each year in Walsenburg

This site has much information and some nice pictures of the area.

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This page was last updated on 17 April 2009 at 11:11 am

This page was created 27 January 2004

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