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Georgia is also known as the “Empire State of the South.”

State Population:
1996 – 7,055,000
2000 - 8,186,453


The highest point in the state is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level
The lowest point in the state is sea level at the Atlantic Ocean.

Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi.
Length: 300 miles
Width: 230 miles
Total land area: 57,919 square miles
Total water area: 1,522 square miles
Total area: 59,441 square miles, the 24th largest state
Average elevation: 600 feet above sea level

Longitude: 81° W to 85° 53' W
Latitude: 30° 31' N to 35° N
Geographic center: 18 miles SE of Macon in Twiggs County at Longitude: 83° 29.7'W Latitude: 32° 42.8'N

To the north Georgia is bordered by Tennessee and North Carolina.  On the south, there is Florida.  South Carolina and the Atlantic Ocean are to the east and on the west is Alabama and a very small portion of Florida.

Time Zone: The state is located in the Eastern Time Zone

Weather & Climate

Climate is subtropical.  The winters are usually fairly mild and the summers are hot and humid. 
Average annual precipitation: between 40 and 75 inches per year depending on the area of the state.
Occasional snow may fall in northern Georgia, but rarely last more than a day or two.

Monthly average high temperature: 92.2 degrees
Monthly average low temperature: 32.6 degrees
Record high temperature: 112 degrees F.  at Louisville on 24 July 1953
Record low temperature: -17 degrees F. at CCC camp on 27 January 1940


In 1540, Hernando de Soto became the first European to come into what would eventually become Georgia. Spain placed Franciscan missionaries in the area by 1566.

James Oglethorpe was given a charter for a colony at Savannah in 1733. The charter specified that the colony was to be named for the King.  Thus, the colony, Georgia, last of the original 13, was named for England’s King George II   Oglethorpe planned to bring prisoners here to rehabilitate and earn money for the colony. His plans were not completely successful and in 1752, he surrendered power to the British government. The new settlers began to take over the American Indian land and development was encouraged. The Creeks and the Cherokees were relocated beyond the Mississippi River in the saga known as "Trail of Tears."

The Civil War played a large part of Georgia history. The war in Georgia began and ended in Savannah. Georgia was readmitted to the union in 1870 and it was represented in Congress by 1871.

View this good history page about the State of Georgia complete with extensive time line


Georgia is usually known as the “Peach State” because of the many peach trees in the state.  It was also called the “Goober State” for the abundance of peanuts and their importance to the state’s economy. Another well-known nickname is “Empire State of the South” given because of the state’s prominence in the southern United States in industry and economic development.  Another nickname, “Yankee-land of the South” is about the same as far as the economy goes.  Other nicknames were the “Buzzard State” because of the law passed to protect the scavengers as a needed part of the ecology.  The “Cracker State” was used in a more negative way referring to the many immigrants from some nearby states

Southern Lifestyles is available at all Georgia Visitor Information Centers. To learn more about Georgia and what it offers for Retirement or just a move call: 1-800-875-0778 or write to:
Southern Lifestyles
6205 Barfield Road, Suite 280
Atlanta, Georgia 30328

Georgia Visitors Center

Exit 8, I-185
1751 Williams Road
Columbus, GA 31904
Phone: (706) 649-7455

The Great Seal of Georgia

The Seal was adopted by the State Constitution of 1798. There are three pillars supporting an arch, symbolizing the three branches of government. A soldier stands with a drawn sword defending the Constitution, whose principles are wisdom, justice and moderation. The reverse side of the seal has a man plowing and a ship with cotton and tobacco, representing the agriculture and commerce of the motto. In 1914, the date on the seal was changed from 1799 to 1776 to correspond with the date of the Declaration of Independence.



Georgia Chamber Of Commerce

233 Peachtree St NE, Suite 2000
Atlanta, GA 30303
Phone: 404-223-2264
Toll-free in Georgia: 800-241-2286
Fax: 404-223-2290


Georgia Department of Tourism
P.O. Box 1776
Atlanta GA 30308
Toll-free: 800-VISIT-GA (847-4842)

Georgia Secretary of State Office
For historical information and details on state symbols and other items, see the website for the Secretary of State.

Government Links page for Georgia
Great links page for all levels of government in Georgia

Learn more about the Georgia State Capitol


Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites
2 MLK Jr. Dr., Suite 1352 East
Atlanta, GA 30334
Phone: 404-656-2770
Toll-free: 800-864-7275 (outside Atlanta)


Georgia Genealogical Society
PO Box 550247
Atlanta, GA 30355

Georgia GenWeb Project

Georgia Dept of Human Resources
Vital Records
2600 Skyland Drive NE
Atlanta, GA 30319-3640
Phone: (404) 679-4701
For earlier records in Atlanta or Savannah, write to the County Health Department in the county
where the event occurred.

Check information on this page for Vital Records in Georgia


Georgia Peach Festival
P.O. Box 2001
Fort Valley, GA 31030
Phone: 478-825-4002
Toll-Free 1-87-PEACHES-1
Phone: 1-877-322-4371
FAX: 478-825-3332

State Botanical Gardens of Georgia
2450 South Milledge Avenue
Athens, Georgia 30605
Phone: 706-542-1244


Find the weather for anyplace in the USA


This page was last updated 16 September 2006 at 5:46 pm

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