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Welcome To KEY TO THE CITY's Page For
Sangamon County, Illinois

62701, 62675

State Capital of Illinois
The Land of Lincoln

Page Contents for Springfield, Illinois

Statistics & Facts


History & History-related items

City Attractions


Chamber of Commerce.

Organizations, Churches, and Sports.



Statistics & Facts

The Illinois state capital is Springfield.
The population of Springfield is approximately 111,454 (2000), 116250 (2010).
The approximate number of families is 48,534 (1990), 50714 (2010).
The amount of land area in Springfield is 110.158 sq. kilometers.
The amount of surface water is 16.336 sq kilometers.
The distance from Springfield to Washington DC is 718 miles.
The distance to the Illinois state capital is miles. (as the crow flies)
Springfield is positioned 39.78 degrees north of the equator and 89.64 degrees west of the prime meridian.
Springfield per capita income is $ 18,947 (2000).
Springfield median income is $ 45,261 (2000).
The Springfield median home price is $ 86,200 (2000).
Springfield average annual precipitation is 35 inches peryear.
Springfield average temperature is 53 degrees F.
The average winter temperature is 30-40 degrees F.
The average summer temperature is 70-80 degrees F.


in central Illinois at the intersection of Interstate Highways 55 and 72 about 100 miles northeast of St. Louis and 200 miles southwest of Chicago. Here is a map of the area.
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seasonal, but long periods of time with extreme temperatures are rare. Summers tend to be warm and humid, winters are usually cold and dry.
Weather information for Northern Illinois and Southern Wisconsin since 2001. Current conditions, Forecasts, maps, severe weather alerts and more.
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History & History Related Items

First settled in 1820 when a newcomer , John Kelly, built his home at what would be 2nd and Jefferson Streets. Before being named Springfield in 1832, it was known as Calhoun for Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina. As a young man, Abraham Lincoln moved here in 1837 and spearheaded the effort to moved the state capital from Vandalia to Springfield. He and eight others in his influential group known as the "Long Nine," were successful in their effort.

Here is a history page for Springfield

Old State Capitol State Historical Site
Springfield, IL 62701
Phone: 217-785-7960 or 217-785-7961
This building served as the Illinois statehouse from 1839 to 1876. Though the first rooms were in use in 1839,due to political struggles and financial problems, the completion took nearly 15 years. A new building was built when the state government outgrew the old capitol. The building was completely restored and redone and re-dedicated on 15 November 1969.

Invention of the Corn Dog
The corn dog, named first the crusty cur and then the CozyDog was invented here by Ed Waldmire Jr. HIs Cozy Dog Drive-in features the Cozy Dog. Read the history of this delicious dog.
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Springfield Convention & Visitors Bureau
109 North 7th Street
Springfield, IL 62701
Phone: (217) 789-2360 Toll-free: (800) 545-7300, ext. 30
Hours:8am - 5pm weekdays

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Museum, Foundation
Lincoln Visitor Center
426 South 7th Street
Phone: (217) 492-4150
Hours: 8:30am - 5pm daily, extended spring, summer, and fall hours

Lincoln Home
National Historic Site
Lincoln's Springfield Home
Tons of information about LIncoln at this site.

Lincoln Tomb
Oak Ridge Cemetery
Phone: 217-782-1717
Please call ahead for hours of operation
This is the final resting place for Abraham Lincoln and several family members. This is a greatly visited cemetery with 300 acres of land.

Illinois State Museum
Spring and Edwards
Springfield, IL
Phone: 217-782-7386
Please call for hours of operation
One of the first things you will see is one of the world's largest Ice Age Mastodons. Many life-like displays are viewable with interactive exhibits, Children's Discovery room and much more.

Springfield Children's Museum
619 East Washington Street
Springfield, IL
Phone: 217-789-0679
Located in the downtown area, this museum offers many exhibits and programs on varied topics. Interactive displays will help children discover new and exciting things when they visit.

Washington Park Botanical Gardens
Washington Park
Springfield, IL
Phone: 217-753-6228
A focal point is the domed conservatory with tropical foliage and more.

Lake Springfield
57 miles of shoreline with 4,235 acres of water make this a perfect setting for all kinds of leisure and recreational activities. Many area attractions are located around the lake.

Henson Robinson Zoo
1100 East Lake Drive
Springfield, IL
Phone: 217-753-6217
Home to over 33 species of exotic and native animals with a number of endangered species.

Springfield Composite Squadron of the Civil Air Patrol

Dana-Thomas House
300 East Lawrence
Springfield, IL
Phone: (217) 782-6776 A famous Frank Lloyd Wright creation built around the tour of the 20th century in the Prairie style.

Route 66 Mother Road Festival
held in September each year
Toll-free: 1-866-RTE-66IL (783-6645)
Phone: 217-422-3733
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Springfield City Government

The City of Springfield
800 E. Monroe
Springfield, IL 62701
County seat of Sangamon County and state capital of Illinois.

Springfield Chamber

Greater Springfield Chamber of Commerce
3 South Old State Capitol Plaza
Springfield, IL 62701
Phone: 217-525-1173
Fax: 217-525-8768

Springfield Organizations

Greater Springfield Chamber of Commerce
3 South Old State Capitol Plaza
Springfield, IL 62701
Phone: 217-525-1173
Fax: 217-525-8768

Springfield Libraries

The Lincoln Library
Springfield's Public Library
326 S. 7th St.
Springfield, IL 62701
Phone: 217-753-4900 Springfield


The population of Springfield was:
1990 - 105,227
2000 - 111,454
The 1990 and 2000 figures are from US Census data.

Fun facts about Springfield.

Homer Simpson's Springfield?
this is Homer Simpson's Springfield. We have the power plant smoke stacks, Lake Springfield, the Bluffs, the Bridge to Nowhere, the capitol building... There are 94 bars listed in the phone book. Unfortunately none of them is named "Moe's". However, a random sampling of the IQ's of the patrons yields amazing similarities. Matt Groening and several of his writers are from this general area.

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