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1863, May 12
The Battle of Raymond
Following the Union victory at Grand Gulf and Port Gibson, Grant moved his army in a northeasterly direction toward Raymond, using the Big Black River to protect Major General John A. McClernand's corps on the Union left. Major General William T. Sherman was in the center and Major General James B. McPherson on the right. Grant planned to strike the Southern Railroad of Mississippi between Vicksburg and Jackson and isolate Vicksburg by cutting Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's supply and communications line.
On May 12 Major General McPherson's XVII Corps was marching along the Utica Road southeast of Raymond in the valley of Fourteen-mile Creek when about 10:00 a.m. its skirmish line was suddenly hit by the deadly fire of Brigadier General John Gregg's battle-hardened Confederate brigade. The three guns of Captain Hiram Bledsoe's Missouri battery, positioned to cover the bridge across the creek, also opened fire on the Federals at a range of 1,000 yards.
Gregg had though his 4,000 men could turn the Federal right flank. Faulty intelligence informed him he was facing a small force. When the 50th Tennessee Infantry crossed Fourteen-mile Creek, they realized instead that McPherson had 12,000 men before them. While thick clouds of smoke and dust obscured the field, Gregg met initial success as his regiments attacked across the creek en echelon to the left. The Federals checked the attack by early afternoon and counterattacked.
Union brigades continued to arrive on the field and deployed on both sides of the Utica Road, massing 22 pieces of artillery along the ridge to support the infantry. They pushed forward at 1:30 p.m. and drove the Confederates back across Fourteen-mile Creek. The fighting was confused because neither commander knew the location of his units. Union strength finally broke the Confederate right flank along the Utica Road and the battle ended with Gregg's retreat through Raymond.
This page is for perpetual written accounts of historical events that have occurred in the city. Anyone who feels they have pertinent information may submit it. This includes all people in or out of Raymond and could involve any interested adults or children with events or items that are of interest. Items may be submitted for publication on this page where they will remain as part of a historical archive for the city. Items of interest may include noteworthy events, special events of historical importance, information about area growth that pertains to the history of the city, and other pertinent notes. We hope to establish a large data base of information about the history of each city. Historical Societies are encouraged to open their own page on Key to the City for more extensive historical information.
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