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Essex County

New Jersey

Facts & Information

The Cities and communities of Essex County, New Jersey *

Ampere, Avondale
Beaufort, Belleville, Bloomfield, Brantwood, Brookdale
Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Clinton
East Orange, Essex Fells
Glen Ridge
Hutton Park
Livingston, Llewellyn Park
Maplewood, Meadow Village, Millburn, Montclair, Montclair Heights, Morehousetown
Newark (County Seat), Newark Heights, Newstead, Newstead North, North Caldwell, Nutley
Oak Island Junction, Orange
Roseland, Roseville
Saint Cloud, Short Hills, South Orange
Two Bridges
Upper Montclair
West Caldwell, West Orange, White Oak Ridge, Wyoming

*This list of cities may not be complete. The list may contain towns, cities, villages, boroughs, townships, ghost towns and other populated places.

If you have information about any of these unlinked communities or have a community not listed at all, please send it to us and we will add a page for that community. Some of these places above may only be neighborhoods or local area names and are not listed with the census at all or just included in a larger surrounding designated census area..

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Information & Facts about Essex County, New Jersey

Attractions & other Information - Climate - Economy - Genealogy - Geography -
Government - History - Libraries - Location - Organizations & Groups -
Other Facts & Figures - Population - Schools


County of Essex Website
County Clerk Website
465 Martin Luther King Blvd, Room 247
Newark, NJ
Phone: 973-621-4921

Newark is the County Seat

Essex County is governed by a County Executive and a nine member board of Chosen Freeholders.

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1790 - 17,785
1800 - 22,269
1820 - 30,793
1840 - 44,621
1860 - 98,877
1880 - 189,929
1900 - 359,053
1920 - 652-089
1930 - 833,513
1940 - 837-340
1950 - 905,949
1960 - 923-545
1970 - 932,526
1980 - 851-304
1990 - 778,206
2000 - 793,633
2002 - 798,301
2004 - 796,684
2005 - 791,057
2006 - 786,147

2000 - 6,285 people per square mile

Housing Units:
2000 - 301,011

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The county is located in the northeastern portion of the state.
It is bordered by Newark Bay to the southeast and the Passaic River to the east and west.

Neighboring counties include:
North - Passaic County
East - Bergen County
East - Hudson County
South - Union County
West - Morris County

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Current weather page for the Newark area
National Weather Service Forecast for the County area

Yearly Average Temperature: 54.0 degrees F.
Average Winter high temperature: 38 degrees F.
Average Winter low temperature: 24 degrees F.
Average Summer high temperature: 86 degrees F.
Average Summer low temperature: 69 degrees F.

Yearly Average Humidity: 48.6%
Yearly Average Precipitation: 44-48 inches

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Other Facts and Figures:

Median Household Income:
2000 - $44,944
2005 - $50,263

Per Capita Income:
2000 - $24,943

Median age:
2005 - 35 years

Median house:
2000 - $208,400

As of 2008, Essex County has some of the highest property taxes in the state of New Jersey, which is the state with the overall highest level of property taxes in the nation.

US Census Quick Facts for Essex County

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Essex was originally formed as one of four administrative districts within the very brief reign of East Jersey in 1675, together with Bergen, Middlesex and Monmouth Counties.

Essex County was the first county in the country to have its own parks department formed in 1895.

Essex County was formed on 7 March 1683 from The Province of East Jersey In 1837, part of Passaic County was formed from part of Essex County In 1857, Union County split from Essex County.

The county was named for Essex County, England

The Essex County Flag
adopted on 25 April 1957

The Essex Mountain Sanatorium

Historical Information for Essex County
The Horseneck Founders of Newark, New Jersey
A history page for Essex County


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Total area: 130 square miles
Total land area: 126 square miles
Total water area: 3 square miles

The highest point: at four areas scattered between Verona, North Caldwell and Essex Fells, all of which reach at least 660 feet above sea level.
The lowest point: sea level, at Newark Bay.

Geography in the county ranges from coastal lowland in the east to hilly piedmont in the west.
Forested areas are not common, but the types are mostly oak and hickory

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Essex County Birth Certificate Information

US GenWeb Project page for Essex County
Linkpendium page for Essex County

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Belleville Public Library and Information Center
221 Washington Avenue
Belleville, NJ 07109
Phone: 973-450-3434

East Orange Public Library
21 S. Arlington Ave.
East Orange, NJ 07018
Phone: 973-266-5600

Essex County Historic Documents Library
115 Clifton Avenue
Newark, NJ

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Caldwell-West Caldwell Public Schools
Harrison Building
104 Gray Street
West Caldwell, New Jersey 07006
Phone: 973-228-6979

Essex County College
303 University Ave
Newark, New Jersey 07102
Phone: 973-877-3000
Established in 1966
A public community college

Rutgers - Newark: State University of New Jersey

Montclair State University
Montclair, New Jersey 07043
Phone: 973-655-4000

Bloomfield College
467 Franklin St.
Bloomfield, NJ 07003
Phone: 973-748-9000

Caldwell College
120 Bloomfield Avenue
Caldwell, NJ 07006
Phone: 973-618-3000
A co-eduational, four-year liberal arts institution

New Jerseys Science and Technology University
University Heights
Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: 973-596-3000

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Economic profile for the county

County department of Economic Development, Training & Employment
Phone: 973-395-8400

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Organizations & Groups

Millburn-Short Hills Chamber of Commerce
43 Millburn Avenue, Suite 303 /
PO Box 651 /
Millburn, NJ 07041
Phone: 973-379-1198
Fax: 973-376-5678

Montclair Historical Society
108 Orange Road
Montclair, NJ 07042
Phone: 973-744-1796

Newark Regional Business Partnership
744 Broad Street, 26th Floor
Newark, NJ 07102-3802
Phone: 973-522-0099

New Jersey Historical Society
52 Park Place Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: (973) 596-8500, ext. 240
FAX (973) 596-6957

North Essex Chamber of Commerce
3 Fairfield Avenue
West Caldwell, NJ 07006
Phone: 973-226-5500

South Orange Symphony Orchestra

Verona Chamber of Commerce

West Orange Chamber of Commerce

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Attractions & Other Information

Home to the Newark Liberty International Airport and the Essex County Airport
Also the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal

Cora Hartshorn Arboretum
324 Forest Drive South
Short Hills, NJ 07078
Phone: 973-376-3587

Edison National Historic Site
Main St and Lakeside Ave
West Orange, New Jersey 07052
Park Headquarters: 973-736-0550 ext 46
Visitor information: 973-324-9973
The Laboratory and home of Thomas Edison

Grover Cleveland Birthplace
207 Bloomfield Avenue
Caldwell, NJ 07006
Phone: 973-226-0001
A New Jersey State Historic Site

The Montclair Art Museum

The Newark Museum
80 Galleries of Ispiration and Exploration

Explore the city of Newark, New Jersey

The New Jersey Symphony Orchestra
60 Park Place, 9th Floor
Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: 973-624-3713

Statue of Liberty National Monument
Located on Ellis Island, federal property within the jurisdiction of both the states of New Jersey and New York.

Turtle Back Zoo
560 Northfield Avenue
West Orange, NJ 07052

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This page was last updated on 6 May 2009 at 2:57 pm
This page was created on 22 July 2008 at 8:47 pm
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