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Highest Point: 13,161 feet above sea level - Wheeler Peak

Lowest Point: 2,842 feet above sea level Red Bluff Reservoir

Time Zone: Mountain

Geography: New Mexico is the great meeting place of the Great Plains, the southern Rockies and the Range and Basin Province. Six of the seven life zones are located in New Mexico which has varied elevations throughout the state. The northern-most range of mountains is part of the southern Rockies, the Sangre de Cristos. It is here where the state's highest mountains are located. West of the Rio Grande, the mesa country begins. The state has a vast reservoir of water. Carlsbad Caverns in the southern portion of the state was formed by these underground water areas. It became a national park in 1930.

1993 - 1,616,000 (estimate)
2000 - 1,819,046
2005 - 1,928,384


When you visit New Mexico, your everyday troubles will "float" away.

Call for a free travel guide
Toll-free: 800-733-6396, ext. 9182



The Anasazi, a peaceful civilization which carved whole villages out of cliffs, lived here 10,000 years ago. They disappeared abruptly about 1300, probably due to severe drought and invasion of more aggressive tribes, such as the Apache. Francisco Vasquez de Coronado came here in 1540 looking for the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola. Though they didn't find the golden cities, they did find many natives ripe for conversion. The area was claimed for Spain in the late 1700's by Juan de Onate.

The Pueblo Revolution in 1680 where the local tribes rebelled against the Spanish oppression, was overturned in 1692 with forces led by Don Diego de Vargas. In the early 1800's, Spain's influence collapsed when the new American settlers converged in the area with the opening of the Santa Fe Trail in 1821. Santa Fe was captured by General Stephen Kearney and his troops during the Mexican War of 1846. It became an official US Territory in 1850. Though far from the typical North-South battlegrounds, the Civil war had battles in New Mexico. Two battles were fought in 1862 - one going to the Confederacy and the final one to the Union. After more skirmishes over one problem or another in the years following the Civil War, New Mexico was admitted to the Union on January 6, 1912.

The first atomic bomb was tested in New Mexico in 1945 near Alamorgordo. The research continues today at both Alamogordo and at the Los Alamos National Laboratories in Los Alamos.



New Mexico has been blessed with many varieties of mineral resources. There is much oil and natural gas as well as coal, copper, uranium, and more. Agriculture is an important part of the economy. Most of this takes place in the eastern and southern sections of the state.

A large portion of the economy is based on government trade and services. The government is the leading employer in the state. Many large federal installations are found throughout the state.

Tourism has become an important part of the economy also. Drawing visitors to New Mexico are its sunny climate, scenic beauty, Native American culture and much more.



New Mexico State Parks
1220 South St. Francis Drive
Santa Fe, NM 87505
P.O. Box 1147
Santa Fe, NM 87504
Phone: (505) 476-3355
Toll-free: 1-888-NMPARKS (667-2757)
Fax: (505) 476-3361

New Mexico Gen Web Project


New Mexico Tourism
Rm 751, Lamy Building
491 Old Santa Fe Tr.
Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501
Toll-free: 800-545-2040 ext 751
Phone: 505-827-7400

Santa Fe Chamber of Commerce
P.O. Box 1928
Santa Fe, NM 87504
8380 Cerrillos Rd. #302
Santa Fe, NM 87507
Phone (505) 988-3279

Greater Albuquerque Chamber of Commerce
115 Gold Ave. S.W.,
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87102
Phone: (505) 764-3700 /
Fax: (505) 764-3714


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This page was created 12 June 1999

This page was last updated 19 September 2006 at 9:59 pm

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