Salem Oregon Profile and Resource Guide, City or community of Salem, Oregon Facts, Information, Relocation, Real Estate, Advertising
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Marion County,


Zip Code

The Oregon State Capital

The Oregon state capital is Salem.

What would you like to know about Salem

Statistics & Facts


Weather & Climate

History & History-related items

City Attractions

Salem Government

Salem Business Directory.

Salem Chamber of Commerce.

Salem Organizations, Churches, and Sports.

Salem Libraries.

Salem Schools.

Zip Codes

97301, 97302, 97304, 97306

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Statistics & Facts

The population of Salem is approximately 118,355 (1997), 154637 (2010).
The approximate number of families is 42,601 (1990), 57290 (2010).

The amount of land area in Salem is 107.584 sq. kilometers.
The amount of surface water is 1.593 sq kilometers.
Salem is positioned 44.92 degrees north of the equator and 123.02 degrees west of the prime meridian.

Salem elevation is 171 feet above sea level.
Salem miscellany.

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Salem location: Willamette Valley in Northwestern Oregon, Crossroads of Interstate 5 and Oregon Hwy. 22. 50 miles south of Portland, 60 miles east of the coast, and 64 miles north of Eugene. It is in the Willamette Valley, between the Oregon coastline and the Cascade Mountains.

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Climate & Weather

The climate for Salem is mild. Here is a weather page for Salem.
Salem average annual rainfall is 42 inches per year
The average low temperature is 40.9 degrees F.
The average high temperature is 63.1 degrees F.
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History & History Related Items

Salem history:

Salem is one of Oregon's oldest cities. The Calapooya Indian name for the area was "Chemeketa" which means "meeting or resting place."

In 1840, the Jason Lee Mission was moved from the Willamette River upstream to a site on Mill Creek. Then in 1842, the missionaries established the Oregon Institute. In 1844, a townsite was laid out on the Institute lands. It is unclear who actually decided on a name for the town but it is believed to have been either David Leslie, who came to Oregon from Salem, Mass., or W.H. Willson. Both men were active in the establishment of the town. The name, "Salem" is the American form of the Hebrew word, Shalom, which means peace.

Salem is now the capital of the state of Oregon, but it hasn't always been. Back in 1851, the capital was located in Oregon City and moved to Salem; then in 1855, it was moved again to Corvallis. It didn't remain there very long. As a matter of fact, it was moved back to Salem the same year. Salem has worked hard to preserve its historic downtown core and has twice been selected an "All-America City" by the National Civic League. (Submitted by Rebecca Whitson, High Desert Middle School)The missionaries who came into the Salem area called it "Salem", an form of the Hebrew word, shalom, meaning "peace". Salem is the capital of Oregon and also the Marion County seat.
A history page with pictures for Salem
The settling of Salem: 1840
The founding of Salem: 1850
The incorporation date of Salem: 1857

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Salem attractions:

The Salem Convention and Visitorís Bureau

On-line Salem city guide

Attractions in Salem

Things to do in and around Salem

Mission Mill Village
1313 Mill Street SE
Salem, Oregon 97301
Phone: 503-585-7012
Toll-free: 800-874-7012
Only three blocks from the capitol building, spend all day exploring this five-acre park with activities for all ages, particularly the Thomas Kay Woolen Mill

The Historic Bush House
Built 1877-1878
600 Mission Street SE
Salem, Oregon 97302
Phone: 503-363-4714

Oregon State Fair
held the end of August-beginning of September each year
2330 17th STreet NE
Salem, OR 97303-3201
Phone: 503-947-3247
Fax: 503-947-3206

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