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Howard County


Where Maryland Comes Together

Facts & Information

The Cities and communities of Howard County, Maryland *

Alpha, Annapolis Junction

Clarksville, Columbia, Cooksville

Daniels, Dayton, Dorsey

Elioak, Elkridge, Ellicott City (County Seat)

Florence, Font Hill Manor, Fulton

Glenelg, Glenwood, Granite, Guilford

Hanover (portion), Harwood Park, Henryton (portion), Highland


Jessup (portion)


Marriottsville, Mount Hebron

North Laurel


Poplar Springs

Savage, Scaggsville, Simpsonville

West Friendship, Woodbine, Woodstock (portion)

*This list of cities may not be complete. The list may contain towns, cities, villages, boroughs, neighborhoods, townships, ghost towns and other populated places.

If you have information about any of these unlinked communities, please send it to us and we will add a page for that community. Some of these places above may only be neighborhoods or local area names and are not listed with the census at all or just included in a larger surrounding designated census area..

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Information & Facts about Howard County, Maryland

Attractions & other Information - Climate - Economy - Genealogy - Geography -
Government - History - Libraries - Location - Organizations & Groups -
Other Facts & Figures - Population - Schools


Howard County, Maryland General Government - A guide to the citizens of Howard County, including a directory of services and information

3430 Courthouse Drive
Ellicott City, MD 21043
Phone: 410-313-2001
Fax: 410-313-3297

Howard County Police - Learn about the people and programs that help ensure Howard County remains a safe, prosperous place to live and do business.

There are no incorporated cities in Howard County though Columbia is the largest community. Under Maryland law, it is not incorporated.

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1900 - 16,715
1910 - 16,106
1920 - 15,826
1930 - 16,169
1940 - 17,175
1950 - 23,119
1960 - 36,152
1970 - 61,911
1980 - 118,572
1990 - 187,328
2000 - 247,842
2004 - 266,738
2005 - 271,118

Housing Units
2000 - 92,818

Population Density
2000 - 983 persons per square mile

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In central Maryland in the corridor between Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, accessible to I-95 and I-70, the County is located within a 20-minute drive of Baltimore/Washington International Airport and the Port of Baltimore. The northern portion of the county is the suburban area around Baltimore while the southern portion of the county is more oriented to Washington, D.C. Most of the county is where the suburbs of these two areas overlap. It is about 20 miles north of D.C. and about 10 miles southwest of Baltimore.

Neighboring areas:
North - Carroll County
Northeast - Baltimore County
Southeast - Anne Arundel County
South - Prince George's County
West - Montgomery County
Northwest - Frederick County

Howard County is located in the Eastern Time Zone and does participate in daylight savings time during a portion of the year.

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The county enjoys a four season climate with cold damp winters and warm, humid summers. The further west in the county you go, the lower the temperatures in winter along with more snowfall.

Average Annual Rainfall: 45 inches

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Other Facts and Figures:

Official Bird: American Goldfinch
Official Flower: Queen Anne's Lace
Official Flag and Seal: See the symbols page

Median Household Income:
2000 - $74,167

Per Capita Income:
2000 - $32,402

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Although the first settlers of Maryland inhabited the low lands near the Chesapeake Bay, Thomas Brown, known as the Patuxent Ranger, had traveled as far as Clarksville in Howard County by 1699. Around 1700 the Piedmont area and Howard County were being surveyed and settled. In 1707, a large land grant, Doughoregan Manor, was deeded to Charles Carroll, grandfather of the signer of the Declaration of Independence, Charles Carroll III.

Farming was the way of life for the early settlers here, with tobacco the basis of the economy. However, commerce and industry were also significant early on, with the availability of water power along the rivers and the port at Elk Ridge Landing. Local iron ore and tobacco were shipped from the Landing along a navigable channel on the Patapsco River to the Chesapeake Bay.

Originally part of Anne Arundel County, the area was designated the Howard District in 1839, in honor of John Eager Howard, statesman, soldier, and fifth governor of Maryland. Howard County became the 21st of Maryland's 23 counties in 1851, with the county seat at Ellicott Mills.

Many distinguished statesmen and leaders, including four Maryland governors are from the county. George Howard was the 22nd governor and the son of John Eager Howard, the County's namesake. T. Watkins Ligon was the 30th governor and is buried at St. Johns Episcopal Cemetery in Howard County. John Lee Carroll was the 37th governor. Edwin Warfield, Maryland's 45th governor, is the only native-born Howard County state executive.

The County's growth both past and present is closely associated with its location along major travel routes. The Patapsco River, old post roads and turnpikes, the B & O Railroad, major north-south and east-west highways have brought both settlers and commerce to the County.

A history page for the county. Also learn more about the Ellicott Brothers who were major contributors to the area's history

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This is the only county in Maryland that does not border the Chesapeake Bay, the Atlantic Ocean, another state or Washington, D.C. It is located in the Piedmont region of rolling hills.

Total area: 254 square miles
Total land area: 252 square miles
Total water area: 2 square miles

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US GenWeb page for Howard County
Genealogy page for the county
Cemeteries of Howard County
Linkpendium page for the county
My Maryland Genealogy page for Howard County

Howard County Genealogical Society

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Howard County Library
Central Library
10375 Little Patuxent Parkway
(Little Patuxent Parkway & South Entrance Road)
Columbia, MD 21044
Phone: 410-313-7800

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Howard County Public Schools
10910 Route 108
Ellicott City, MD 21042
Phone: 410-313-6600

One of the best school systems in the state - sample curriculum, learn vital statistics, view district boundaries and even look at the lunch menu and bus schedules.

Howard Community College - "You Can Get There From Here." Education and training to meet nearly every need from degree programs to job training to distance learning

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Howard County Economic Development Authority
6751 Columbia Gateway Drive, Suite 500
Columbia, MD 21046
Voice: (410) 313-6500

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Organizations & Groups

The Howard County Tourism Council, Inc.

P.O. Box 9
8267 Main Street, Side Entrance
Ellicott City, MD 21043
Phone: 410-313-1900
Toll-free: 800-288-8747

Howard County Chamber of Commerce
5560 Sterrett Pl., Ste 105
Columbia, MD 21044
Phone: 410-730-4111

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Attractions & Other Information

Howard County Tourism - "So much. So Close." Find out why thousands visit us every year.

Benjamin Banneker Historical Park & Museum
300 Oella Ave.
Oella, MD
Phone: 410-887-1081
Artifacts and exhibits dedciated to the life and times of “the first African American man of science.”
Excellent birding trails and garden as well.

The Columbia Orchestra
8510 High Ridge Road
Ellicott City, MD 21043
Phone: 410-465-8777

Bollman Truss Railroad Bridge
8600 Foundry Street
Savage, MD.
Toll-free: 800-788-MILL

B & O Railroad Museum: Ellicott City Station
2711 Maryland Avenue
Ellicott City Historic District
Phone: 410-461-1945

Historic Oakland Manor
5430 Vantage Point Road
Columbia, MD
Phone: 410-730-4801
Toll-free: 800-730-4802
The 1811 mansion and gardens have been lovingly restored by the Columbia Association to reflect the value of preserving the past in the midst of contempory society. Available for afternoon teas, meetings and special occasions.

Howard County Historical Society Museum & Library
8328 Court Avenue
Ellicott City, MD
Phone: 410-461-1050
Library: 410-750-0370
The museum/library collection houses artifacts, printed materials and photographs that reflect Howard County’s diverse cultural and historical heritage

Shrine of St. Anthony
12290 Folly Quarter Road
Ellicott City, MD
Phone: 410-531-2800
The Shrine of St. Anthony is a place of prayer, pilgrimage and peace. The Shrine hosts individuals and groups for retreats, programs and meetings.

50 Free things to do in Howard County

Historic places to see in the county

Ellicott City Firehouse Museum
3829 Church Road
Historic Ellicott City, MD
Phone: 410-465-8500
The town’s first fire station, circa 1889, is now a museum housing an exhibit of antique fire-fighting equipment, plus a history of Ellicott City’s fires. Open some weekends & by appointment.

Thomas Isaac Log Cabin in Historic Ellicott City
Corner of Main Street and Ellicott Mills Drive
By Appointment
One of the earliest dwellings in Ellicott City. A year round 18th-century living history site. Former AME Church.

Waverly Mansion
2300 Waverly Mansion Drive
Marriottsville, MD
Phone: 410-313-5400
Special events and by appointment.
An elegant, period appointed, early 19th century manor home and sole surviving property of the governors Howard: Maryland's only father and son governors, John Eager Howard and George Howard, respectively.

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This page was last updated on 1 May 2009 at 12:45 pm

This page was created 12 July 2003